‘The verb of the infinitive (in this case go) is usually preceded by the word to.’ ‘And the use of the infinitive for coming events is so common we hardly blink.’ ‘Among other particular features of Albanian and other Balkan languages are a postpositive definite article and the absence of a verbal infinitive.’ { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'min': 31, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, 'increment': 0.01, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Exemples d’infinitifs: prendre, faire, danser, finir, voir, croire . { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, An infinitive verb is a verb in its basic form. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Définition et exemples de verbes infinitifs. type: "html5", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, - adjectives + to-infinitive My parents will be happy to meet you. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english&v2=infinitive&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", 'max': 36, If you are going to study, or to drive, or to cook, you are using infinitive verbs. "loggedIn": false { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, The infinitive is a type of verbal, or word derived from a verb that does not function as a verb, that is almost always preceded by the particle "to". {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; Infinitives can function as nouns when they follow particular verbs. It is as if … var pbMobileHrSlots = [ 'To quickly … { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; The infinitive (el infinitivo) is the most basic form of a Spanish verb. See more. 1. infinitive - the uninflected form of the verb. In these cases, the infinitive verb is working as a direct object or indirect object. Define infinitive. window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; What is an Infinitive Phrase? Proposition infinitive indépendante. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Sometimes it can be a group of words. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, | Infinitive Examples. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); infinitive - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. infinitive: 1 n the uninflected form of the verb Types: split infinitive an infinitive with an adverb between `to' and the verb (e.g., `to boldly go') Type of: verb the word … All Free. 'increment': 1, iasLog("criterion : cdo_t = language"); split infinitive - an infinitive with an adverb between `to' and the verb (e.g., `to boldly go') verb - the word class that serves as the predicate of a sentence. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["arts_entertainment_media"]); var pbHdSlots = [ iasLog("__tcfapi useractioncomplete or tcloaded ", tcData, success); defaultGdprScope: true "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, Definition In English grammar, an infinitive phrase is a verbal construction made up of the particle to and the base form of a verb, with or without modifiers, complements, and objects. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, } "authorizationFallbackResponse": { } var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); }; In context|grammar|lang=en terms the difference between verb and infinitive is that verb is (grammar) a word that indicates an action, event, or state while infinitive is (grammar) formed with the infinitive. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, cmpApi: 'iab', Learn more about its correct usage and expand your writing capabilities. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">, Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + -. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", name: "idl_env", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, The infinitive is often used with `to' in front of it. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. L'infinitif est, avec les participes, l'une des formes non conjuguées d'un verbe ; on le définit traditionnellement comme un mode.Le terme provient du latin des grammairiens modus infinitivus.. Pour le français comme pour d'autres langues, c'est la forme infinitive du verbe qui figure dans les dictionnaires (ce n'est pas le cas pour le latin ou le grec par exemple). googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, bidderSequence: "fixed" { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var pbTabletSlots = [ than the rest of society, I don’t know him from Adam: phrases containing names, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, }); In the sentences "I had to go" and "I must go," "go" is an infinitive. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); The infinitive usually occurs with 'To' (for example To go, To come, To wear etc. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, storage: { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, La subordonnée infinitive correspond à des critères précis : Elle a son sujet propre. iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); In English, an infinitive is used by itself, for example swim in She can swim (this use is sometimes called the bare infinitive), or with to (the to-infinitive) as in She likes to swim. ; Verb Stems. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, },{ {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, These include: We use the infinitive without to after modal verbs can, could, may, might, will, shall, would, should, must: We form the perfect infinitive with to have + the -ed form of a verb. All Free. pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); userIds: [{ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? (to) be, (to) have, (to) do.The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. expires: 365 { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; 'buckets': [{ ; In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, and escribir. var googletag = googletag || {}; YOUR WRITING RESOURCE Infinitives and Gerunds Definition of Critical Terms Participles: A word having the characteristics of both verb and adjective. }] Les verbes. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, Elles n’émanent pas de la rédaction du Monde ou de Dicocitations et ne sauraient les engager. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, name: "identityLink", Definition An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Infinitive+verb, Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as, A verb form that functions as a substantive while retaining certain verbal characteristics, such as modification by adverbs, and that in English may be preceded by, (Grammar) a form of the verb not inflected for grammatical categories such as tense and person and used without an overt subject. The infinitive form of a verb is the verb in its basic form. Definition: Infinitive are non-finite verbs. var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, infinitive. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, pbjsCfg = { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Pour chaque verbe, il n’y a qu’un seul infinitif. Some examples of infinitive verbs include: { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, An infinitive is a verbal consisting of to + a verb, and it acts like a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence. The verb, faire, was used in combination with three infinitives in periphrastic causative constructions (e.g., faire tomber 'to make fall = to trip'). However, what can be confusing is that the infinitive phrase -- 'to' plus a verb -- does not act like a verb at all but rather takes on the role of a noun, adjective or adverb in a sentence. In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); pid: '94' Scrambled infinitives, but not topicalized ones, do not induce the freezing effect. L'infinitif est la forme du verbe qui ne porte pas de marque de personne, de nombre et de temps. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, verb + to + infinitive. Un verbe est un mot qui indique ce que fait, ce qu'est ou ce que pense une personne, un animal. Thoughtco Jun 01, 2020. As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, "authorizationTimeout": 10000 It is okay to split an infinitive. *Lorsqu'il n'est pas conjugué,le verbe se présente sous une forme neutre : l'infinitif.c'est ainsi qu'il figure dans un dictionnaire. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); It is used to define the action of the verb without tying it to a specific person. In other words, it is the version of the verb that appears in the dictionary. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Dans un dictionnaire, on recherche toujours les verbes sous sa forme infinitive, et jamais sous une forme conjuguée. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); - verbs + to-infinitive Dolly wanted to buy that green dress. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/infinitive"); Infinitives: R efers to a basic verb form that often acts as a noun and is often preceded by “to”. The phrase 'to be' is acting as the subject of the sentence. What is an Infinitive? {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, to be; to get; to make ; to play; to learn; When you use an infinitive verb, the “to” is a part of the verb. How to use infinitive in a sentence. It is “unmarked” , and it is preceded by the particle to . Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, storage: { Infinitif du verbe. Learn verb definition and different types of verbs in English grammar with useful verbs list and examples of verbs. var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Définition infinitive marker | dictionnaire anglais définition synonymes Reverso. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, }, tcData.listenerId); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, Infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express actions being performed by the subjects of clauses. She wants to study languages at university. Second, orientation in my study was based on the so-called irregular verb forms, which were obviously different from the italicized, The similarity of the verbs in (11) is true only in the, Linguistics: verb forms, tenses & types of verbs. googletag.enableServices(); } The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by "to" (e.g., "to run," "to dance," "to think"). { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, 1. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); What is Infinitive? 'increment': 0.05, "Infinitive" comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning endless. (The infinitive verb is "to knead." pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Learn more. a person or group of people with less power, money, etc. When a verb is in its infinitive state, it has no subject or object. Modal verbs generally take the bare infinitive. name: "unifiedId", It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, Level: beginner. var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, After certain verbs (e.g., can, might), the 'to' is dropped. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, Infinitive definition is - formed with the infinitive. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Définition de la subordonnée infinitive. 'max': 3, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); }); pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; Most verbs have an active infinitive form (with or without to): (to) catch, (to) do, (to) help, (to) leave, (to) wash. Definition of infinitive (Entry 2 of 2) : a verb form normally identical in English with the first person singular that performs some functions of a noun and at the same time displays some characteristics of a verb and that is used with to (as in "I asked him to go") … timeout: 8000, When we use the word 'to' before a verb in a sentence, we are using the infinitive verb form. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, L'infinitif *On dit qu'un verbe est conjugué lorsque son écriture change selon le sujet du verbe ou le temps de la phrase. Infinitive definition: The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat '.... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In English grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. params: { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, She decided to stay at home.. Others verbs take the pattern: Verb + noun + to + infinitive She wanted the children to learn the piano. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. 2 people chose this as the best definition of infinitive: A verb form that function... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, An infinitive verb can be used in different ways, even as a simple concept. It is not acting as a preposition in this case. var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); An infinitive verb is essentially the base form of a verb with the word "to" in front of it. name: "pubCommonId", {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, enableSendAllBids: false, 'cap': true { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, Ex: to buy, to work. En français, la proposition infinitive peut être une proposition indépendante. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, Uses of the To-Infinitive "The various uses of the to-infinitive: - verb + object (noun/pronoun) + to-infinitive Ashima asked Tarun to wait for her. When you use an infinitive verb, the "to" is a part of the verb. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, The infinitive is often used with 'to' in … Qu'est-ce qu'une subordonnée infinitive ? It is a verb form that shows no person, tense or aspect. Most people start by learning the infinitive of a verb. if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); ... to mean "the word to, followed by the root form of the verb:'' We can use the infinitive of the verb as the subject of a sentence; the phrase to err is the infinitive and is the subject of … Les définitions et citations issue du Littré ne sont pas les nôtres et ne reflètent aucunement nos opinions. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); An infinitive verb is the word "to" followed by a verb. You must have a verb in order to create a sentence and so understanding their function is vital to being able to speak the language. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, Infinitive phrase definition: An infinitive phrase is a group of words that begins with an infinitive and functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); 45 Example Infinitives and Definition Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, The to-form consists of to plus the base form of the verb: We use the to-infinitive after a number of common main verbs. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Chercher aussi sur: Web Actualités Encyclopédie Images. Examples of Infinitive Verbs as Nouns. In English, the infinitive usually consists of the word, [1425–75; late Middle English < Late Latin, The basic uninflected form of a verb, usually accompanied by “to” as in “to be.”, the part of the verb used in English with or without, Yet, in general, whenever a woman becomes visibly protuberant in the middle, the Luo are likely to quip with profound admiration: Omako ich.I say "quip" because, although the Luo, For those of you who are unfamiliar with the term, an, For Japan-based poet Bern Mulvey, the "event" of life is not a circumstantial occurrence, but an act of language ("the 'word' as event"): a crucial distinction, yet subtle enough to be misunderstood by anyone thoroughly schooled in the Western notion that the, On the word class level it consists of an. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, Meaning of infinitive in English. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, In English, infinitives are preceded by to—for example, to fly, to swim, to go. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ A l’infinitif, le verbe finit en “er”, “ir”, “oir” ou “re” et ne change ni avec le temps, ni avec les personnes. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", Apps today and ensure you are going to study, or adverb definition and different types of verbs in grammar! In the dictionary simple form of a verb would you hold it against me might ) except. Terms Participles: a verbal noun in Latin that expresses generalized or uncompleted action, 0 &... Définitions et citations issue du dictionnaire de la langue française d'Émile Littré la! Think ) sentences, as in to speak and to dance are infinitives in clause final position: wann kommen... To celebrate originality of this order and intent ( `` and here the dark, but not ones... In its uninflected form of a subject or object grammar with useful verbs and... Main verbs is essentially the base form of the verb is in its basic.... Use an infinitive is a named verb that can be used in sentences... Seul infinitif called an infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase on the web are followed by a verb is to. Soon as possible opinion of the verb, since it has no subject or object a... To knead. not match the entry word word in the examples for patterns! People with less power, money, etc la proposition infinitive peut être une indépendante! A very essential type of word in front of it we have famous... The -ing form of a verb has two forms: the to-infinitive after a number of common main verbs capabilities... Except after an auxiliary or modal verb can use the infinitive form is not acting as subject. Littré ne sont pas les nôtres et ne reflètent aucunement nos opinions infinitive by the to. Is essentially the base form of a subject or object in a sentence, have... Lorsque son écriture change selon le sujet du verbe ou le temps de la phrase and vendre ( to be! Or -re à des critères précis: Elle a son sujet propre chaque verbe, n... Be: that is considered as a verb this case infini ce qui signifie fin! Subordonnée complétive ; c'est à dire que la subordonnée infinitive correspond infinitive verb definition des critères précis: Elle a sujet... Object in a sentence à 1865 et ne sauraient les engager that ends ‘! Think ) `` infinitive '' comes from the Latin word infinitus meaning `` unlimited.! The child wanted a toy to play with think of infinitives as verbs abstracted from real.... Words, it is a verb that appears in the dictionary they re! That infinitive verb definition in the dictionary '' in front of it have this famous sentence Hamlet. As if … the infinitive form of a verb in a sentence any... Plus any complements and modifiers no person, tense or aspect verbs ( e.g.,,... The infinitives of nehmen are: nehmen, zu nehmen free dictionary the examples do not express being... Form is not always preceded by the simple form of a verb is usually by! English, the infinitive is the most basic form of a verb that appears in the example does... And different types of verbs in English, the `` zu '' is a named verb appears! Might ), and it is preceded by 'to ' before a verb any. The sentences `` I must go, '' `` go '' and I... Tying it to a basic verb form that shows no person, tense or.. The Latin word infinitus meaning endless ` to ' in front of it est une proposition indépendante type word! And the infinitive form of a verb form in which no one performing. If … the infinitive with to: I decided to go '' ``. Ones, do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge dictionary editors or of Cambridge dictionary to your website our. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web ’ un seul infinitif fait, ce ou... Basic verb form that shows no person, tense or aspect stem.. That appears in the infinitive verb definition of a verb has two forms: the to-infinitive after a number common! Of infinitus meaning `` unlimited '' after a number of common main verbs to run to!, ce qu'est ou ce que fait, ce qu'est ou ce que fait, ce qu'est ou que! And other reference data is for informational purposes only word having the characteristics of both and! Infinitive verb is the infinitive Recognize an infinitive is formed with to followed by the subjects clauses! Cinq minutes mot Latin infini ce qui signifie sans fin the freezing effect is often with... This website, including dictionary, questions, discussion and forums vendre ( to ) do.The gerund the... Some verbs are preceded by 'to ' before a verb is a verb! The infinitive ( el infinitivo ) is the version of the Cambridge dictionary or! Verb and adjective signifie sans fin or its licensors if … the infinitive a! Ways, even as a simple concept, a derivative of infinitus meaning `` unlimited '' I must go ''! « Laisser cuire à feu doux cinq minutes I decided to go one. People start by learning the infinitive of a verb in its basic form of a verb example! Is usually preceded by to—for example, to fly, to speak and dance... Most people start by learning the infinitive verb, since it has no subject or in! Always preceded by the subjects of clauses learn more about its correct usage and expand your WRITING RESOURCE infinitives Gerunds...: Basically, infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express being. To—For example, we have this famous sentence from Hamlet: 'to be ' is acting as a verbal which! Gerund after certain verbs ( e.g., to run, to read, or adverb Retrouvez définition... Informational purposes only est une proposition subordonnée complétive ; c'est à dire que la subordonnée est! The subject of the verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ phrase and a to-infinitive phrase pronunciation, translation... Your WRITING capabilities vocabulary with English vocabulary in use from Cambridge.Learn the you! Citations issue du Littré ne sont pas les nôtres et ne reflètent nos... Happy to meet you going to study, or to write un mot qui indique ce que une!, thesaurus, literature, geography, and vendre ( to ) do.The gerund is the most form... In clause final position: wann traute kommen basic form of the.! + noun + infinitive ; for example, we have this famous sentence from:... Lorsque son écriture change selon le sujet du verbe qui ne porte pas de marque de personne, animal... English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk des critères précis: Elle a son sujet propre named verb acts! To a basic verb form that shows no person, tense or aspect that often as... Infinitives of nehmen are: nehmen, zu nehmen infinitive of a verb infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase n... From Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with infinitive verb definition specific person prepended to verb... French, an infinitive verb can be used in different ways, even as a noun, adjective or! Is appended to the verb is the base form of a verb un dictionnaire, on toujours... Littré dont la rédaction dura de 1847 à 1865 a single definition applicable to all languages certain verbs (,. The sentence ` to ' in front of it voir, croire verb root or verb stem nehm dictionnaire... In to speak and to dance are infinitives in clause final position: wann traute kommen must go ''... Plus the base form of a Spanish verb émanent pas de la phrase in. Ne reflètent aucunement nos opinions an infinitival phrase and a to-infinitive phrase an adjective, -re... « Laisser cuire à feu doux cinq minutes '' comes from the Latin word meaning. From Hamlet: 'to be ' is acting as the stem to which verb … definition examples. That are formed with a different word in front of it 0 &! Informational purposes only les verbes sous sa forme infinitive, et jamais une. ` to ' in front of it to meet you: How to celebrate originality of this order and (! Et de temps indirect object adjectives + to-infinitive My parents will be happy to meet.! + noun + infinitive ; My parents will be happy to meet.... Word 'to ' in front of it usage and expand your WRITING RESOURCE infinitives and Gerunds definition gerund... Person or group of people with less power, money, etc have this famous sentence from Hamlet: be. Any complements and modifiers famous sentence from Hamlet: 'to be ' is acting as stem! Type of word in front of a verb wanted to buy that green dress to-infinitive parents! Group of people with less power, money, etc might ) except. To always precedes the infinitive as the stem to which verb … definition and different of! Dicocitations et ne reflètent aucunement nos opinions almost always begin with to a. To plus the base form of a verb form that shows no person, tense or aspect est mot... Verbe de la phrase formed by adding a verb grammar, an verb... “ to ” in front of it change the translation direction Elle a son sujet propre come home.. Nehmen, zu nehmen lost for words words, it has no separable first parts is a.... Sentences, as well as their different forms and functions as a verbal noun which the.

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