First, fluency should be emphasized rather than accuracy. Introduction Language has been viewed differently at different times by Linguists and Applied Linguists. Spada (2007, p. 272) expresses a similar view in her review of CLT: ‘What is communicative They use of functional aspect of language makes them able to communicate in the target language in their day to day life. (2) The introduction of authentic texts into the learning situation. communicative skills. Communicative language teaching is an approach which provides opportunity to the learners to communicate in the target language. In teaching CLT, there are four significant areas of language competence. In Communicative Language Teaching Communicative approach seeks to personalise and localise language and adapt it to interests of pupils. It has been thought variously – as a system, as a skill and as a means of communication. Communicative Language Teaching (Key principles) • Learners learn a language using it to communicate. • characteristics of pedagogical and real-life tasks. 1 In this chapter you will learn about • communicative language teaching. on learning to communicate through interaction in the target language. The notion of communicative competence is one of the theories that underlies the communicative approach to foreign language teaching. ADVANTAGES Communicative approach is much more pupil-orientated, because it is based on pupils' needs and interests. A lot of British linguists contributed to the formation of the Communicative Approach which aims to make communicative competence (Hymes, 1972) the goal of language teaching and develop procedures for the teaching of the four language skills that acknowledge the competency and communicative language teaching are all key concepts.However,there is no uniform interpretation of the meanings of these concepts.Indeed,there is a great deal of confusion as to what they are all about.In this paper I would like to address some of Meaningful language is always more easily retained by learners. This is where new teaching approaches like the Communicative Teaching Approach can be useful. Keywords: teaching of English, English communication skills, CLT principles and techniques 1. It is about understanding and implementing principles of learning. In addition, the instruction should be done in L2(FL), without relying on L1, which may prevent students from developing their skills. Principles of Communicative Language Teaching and Task-Based Instruction Effective teaching is not about a method. Harmer (2003, p. 289) suggests that ‘the problem with communicative language teaching (CLT) is that the term has always meant a multitude of different things to different people’. Seeks to use authentic resources. And that is more interesting and motivating for children. British language teaching tradition dating from the late 1960s. Basic Features of CLT David Nunan (1991:279) lists five basic characteristics of Communicative Language Teaching: (1) An emphasis. [3] Canale and Swain (1980) defined communicative competence in terms of three components:[5] 1. grammatical competence: words and rules 2. sociolinguistic competence: appropriateness 3. • task-based instruction. Nunan ( 1991:279 ) lists five basic characteristics of communicative competence is one of the theories that underlies communicative... 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